Advanced Elbow Pain Treatment near Sugar land TX 77479
Elbow pain is sharp, dull, burning, or pressure discomfort or pain that may be intermittent, constant, or pounding due to a strain, sprain, fracture, dislocation, infection, autoimmune condition, cancer, or trauma to internal and adjacent structures to the elbow joint. While some causes of elbow pain may cause one type of pain to predominate over another, it is not unusual for patients to notice several types of pain. Elbow pain is a condition that occurs when tendons in your elbow are overloaded, usually by repetitive motions of the wrist and arm.
If conservative treatments don’t help or if symptoms are disabling, your doctor might suggest surgery. Treatment of elbow pain involves reducing its movement and stress to the rest of the joint. Other treatments depend on the cause of the joint pain. Orthopedic consultation is often recommended to design appropriate treatment protocols that may require casting and surgical intervention. Rest and over-the-counter pain relievers often help relieve pain
How are elbow disorders diagnosed?
Your doctor can diagnose elbow disorders through:
- Physical examination and medical history
- CT scan
- MRI scan
- Electromyography (EMG)
- Biopsy of bursa fluid
What Causes Elbow Pain?
There are many causes of elbow pain. Most are due to overuse or strain placed on the joint, usually due to work, sports, hobbies, or accidents. Common causes of elbow pain include the following:
Sprains and strains: Sprains are stretching and/or tearing of ligaments that connect two bones together, while a strain is a stretching or tearing of the muscle or tendon (a tendon is fibrous tissue that attaches muscle to bone due to excessive force).
Tendinitis: Inflammation and/or irritation of the tendons that attach muscles to bones in the elbow is usually due to overuse.
Bursitis: Inflammation of the bursae (fluid-filled sac that cushions bones in the elbow)
Tennis elbow: Also termed lateral epicondylitis, this is due to tendon inflammation of the muscles of the forearm where they attach to the outer elbow joint.
Golfer’s elbow: Also termed medial epicondylitis, this is due to tendon inflammation where the tendons attach the muscle forearm to the bony prominence of the inner elbow.
Throwing injuries: Also called “baseball pitcher’s elbow,” these types of injuries are due to excessive use of the elbow when a baseball is thrown. Other sports that involve similar mechanisms produce similar injuries that involve elbow structures such as tendon detachments and other tissue injuries, often seen in children who pitch in Little League.
Radial nerve compression: Pinching or compression of the radial nerve that passes through the elbow joint
Ulnar nerve compression (or entrapment): Pinching or compression of the nerve by swelling or displacement
Ligament tears: Elbow ligaments that are torn due to excessive force on the elbow joint
Injuries to any elbow component: Trauma to any component of the elbow joint and/or adjacent structures that work in conjunction with the elbow joint (forearm structures upper arm and shoulders)
Broken arm: Fracture of the parts of the arm bones (humerus, radius, and/or ulna that do not form elbow joint)
Stress fractures: Any non-displaced fracture of the bones that form the elbow joint
Dislocation of any elbow component: Dislocation of any of the bones or other structures such as tendons or nerves that form or pass through the elbow joint
Elbow fractures: Any fracture of the bones that form the elbow joint (humerus, radius, ulna)
Osteoarthritis: Loss of cartilage at the end of the bones in the elbow
Rheumatoid arthritis: Autoimmune disease that causes joint inflammation
Osteochondritis dissecans: Blood supply is cut or decreased in the elbow
Olecranon bursitis: Inflammation of the bursa that is on the tip of the elbow
Infections of the elbow joint: Cellulitis, abscess formation, or other infection of any structures, septic arthritis
Tumors: Any cancers or masses that may arise in joint structures such as bone tumors
Advanced Elbow Pain Treatment
What are the different types of elbow disorders?
There are at least seven different types of elbow disorders. Read on to learn about its symptoms and causes.
Medial epicondylitis affects the inner tendons of the elbow and is often referred to as golfer’s elbow and minor liger’s elbow. The repetitive throwing motion used in baseball and the downward swing of a golf club are common causes. Medial epicondylitis can also be caused by repetitive hand movements, such as swinging a hammer every day at work. This disorder can cause pain on the inside of the elbow. Wrist movements, in particular, can trigger pain.
Another name for lateral elbow tendinopathy is tennis elbow.It affects the tendons on the outside of the elbow. Playing racquet sports or working in certain occupations that use the same types of movements can cause this condition. Professionals who often experience lateral epicondylitis include:- cooks, painters, carpenters, auto workers, plumbers. Symptoms such as pain or burning occur on the outside of the elbow. You may also have problems with grip.
Common names for olecranon bursitis include:
- student’s elbow
- Miner’s elbow
- Draftsman elbow
Bursitis affects the bursae, which are small sacs of fluid that help protect the joints. Olecranon bursitis affects the bursae that protect the scapula of the elbow. It can be caused by:
- a blow to the elbow
- leaning on the elbow for a long time
- medical conditions such as arthritis
Osteoarthritis is a condition that affects cartilage, a type of connective tissue found in joints. OA causes this tissue to wear out and become damaged. Elbow OA can result from an elbow injury or from wear and tear on the joints.
Symptoms include:- ache, difficulty bending the elbow, locking sensation in the elbow, a grating sound during movement, and swelling. OA is usually treated with medication and physical therapy. Surgery, including joint replacement, is an option in more severe cases.
Elbow dislocation or fracture
An injury to the elbow, such as a fall on an outstretched arm or elbow, can result in a dislocation or fracture. A dislocation occurs when a bone moves from its normal position. A fracture occurs when a bone cracks or breaks.
Symptoms include:- visual changes to the elbow, such as swelling and discoloration, inability to move the joint, ache.
A healthcare provider can move the dislocated bone back into place. They will place the dislocated or broken elbow in a splint or cast and give you medicine for pain and swelling. Physical therapy helps restore range of motion after the splint or cast is removed.
Ligament strains and sprains
Ligament problems can occur in any of the ligaments in the elbow joint. Ligament sprains can be the result of trauma or repetitive stress. The link can be:
- stretched out
- partially torn
- completely torn
- Sometimes you will hear a popping sound upon injury.
Symptoms include:- ache, joint indecision, swelling, problems with range of motion
Advanced Elbow Pain Treatment may include:- rest, pain relief methods, such as icing the area, support the elbow, physiotheraphy
Osteochondritis dissecans, also called Panner’s disease, are caused by the dislocation of small pieces of cartilage and bone in the elbow joint. It is usually the result of a sports injury to the elbow and is mostly seen in young men. Pain and tenderness on the outside of the elbow, difficulty in extending the arm, and a feeling of locking of the joint may indicate this condition. You can treat this injury by immobilizing the elbow joint and undergoing physical therapy.
How are elbow disorders treated?
Advanced Elbow Pain Treatment varies depending on the elbow disorder and symptoms you experience. Most elbow disorders require conservative treatment. Surgery is a last option if your symptoms doesn’t improve. Minor strains and sprains are usually treated with elevation and medications (mainly nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or NSAIDs) along with ice packs, compression, and rest. Some clinicians may recommend ultrasound, electrical stimulation, and friction/myofascial relaxation massage.
Elbow pain due to fractures or stress fractures is usually best managed by an orthopedist and usually requires rest and external support, usually a cast, brace and/or sling. Severe trauma to the elbow may require surgical repair, usually done by an orthopedic surgeon. Other causes of elbow pain require specific treatment. For example, cellulitis or abscess of the elbow often requires antibiotics and/or drainage to treat elbow pain. Other problems, such as elbow pain caused by rheumatoid arthritis, may require a variety of treatments that may include NSAIDs, corticosteroids, antirheumatic drugs (eg, methotrexate, cytokine blockers, JAK inhibitors) and even surgery. Some patients may benefit from physical therapy or the use of braces or splints. Assistive devices can help reduce pain when the elbow joint produces pain when straightened.
Elbow pain exercises
Depending on the cause of your elbow pain, exercise may help you recover and prevent the condition from recurring.
Exercises and stretches may:-
- Relieve pain
- Increase range of motion
- Reduce inflammation
- Strengthen muscles around the joint to help you avoid future injury
- Exercises for pain relief
Research supports the following types of exercises as helping to reduce pain and improve outcomes for people with tennis elbow:
Eccentric exercises: Muscles lengthen under tension when performing eccentric exercises. A 2014 study found that these exercises reduced pain in people with tennis elbow. Wrist extensor strengthening, a specific type of eccentric exercise, may help lessen tennis elbow pain, according to a 2015 research review.
Isometric exercises: In isometric exercises, muscles tense up and contract without visibly moving. A 2018 study found that isometric wrist extension exercises reduced tennis elbow pain. However, this exercise alone may not otherwise improve the condition.
Static stretching exercises: For most Advanced pain relief and Elbow Pain Treatment near sugar land TX, a 2013 comparison study noted that eccentric exercises should be combined with static stretching exercises.
Multiple studies have indicated that aquatic exercises and strength training may be effective for reducing osteoarthritis pain in the knees and hips. However, more research is needed on exercises to reduce pain from elbow osteoarthritis and other elbow disorders.
It’s important to talk to your healthcare provider about what types and level of exercise will work best for you before starting any exercise program.
Once you begin, keep the following tips in mind:
- Be gentle and stop if you feel sharp pain.
- Avoid overstretching or exercising too much when recovering from an injury.
- Talk to your healthcare provider if your pain doesn’t improve or gets worse, or if there’s increased swelling or redness around your elbow.
- Exercise often plays an essential role in recovering from an elbow disorder.
How do you prevent elbow disorders?
Most elbow disorders are the result of overuse and injury. You can prevent them by:
- Correcting improper sport techniques
- Using a proper-sized grip on sports equipment
- Using correct tension on racquets
- Warming up and stretching properly
- Using elbow padding
It’s also important to take breaks from repetitive tasks. Practice exercises that can help strengthen the muscles around your elbow joint. Consult SJMC Orthopedic Clinic In Sugar land TX if you are suffering from elbow pain.